The primary objective of the CHSP was to improve the health status of populations in target communities with special focus on mothers and their under-five children. NNF was involved in educating the stakeholders on the benefits of the programme, building the capacity of the community for the project as well as disbursing of funds for infrastructural facilities in the project areas. NNF’s CHSP approach was based on the principles of co-management and co-financing of community primary health care systems as well as demand-driven identification and prioritization of corresponding community-based interventions. It incorporated a process of needs assessment, strategic planning and project design that fully involved concerned community-based organizations in developing a medium-term (3 – 5 years) health plan. These careful plans formed the basis of specific proposals that communities submitted to NNF for funding. They were also used to leverage additional funding from concerned government agencies (state and local governments), international donors, and local and international organizations.Evaluation was undertaken in 2005 to ascertain the impact of the project on the beneficiaries.